Common Native Plants of the Cooks River Valley

The Mudcrabs currently work on 15 sites along the Cooks River. Many of these are bush regeneration sites. Regeneration usually involves 3 primary activities for our volunteers. Depending on the site these are:
Landscaping – identifying remnant species, site planning and site preparation (includes habitat/critter piles, bank stabilisation, contractor preparation)
Planting native species – selection and timing are important
Weeding – an on-going process that encourages site regeneration and site sustainability.

Weeding is the primary activity that The Mudcrabs volunteers are involved with. It is through targeted weeding that we allow space for the native plantings and remnant natives species to re-establish and develop an ecosystem that reflects the original state of the bushland that was the Cooks River Valley.

Our experienced botanists and bush regenerators have put together a list of the typical native plants that would have originally been see across the Cooks River Valley. Being able to identify these native plants and understanding how to manage them really helps in re-establishing healthy native zones that support and encourage the return of original ecosystems. We selected those that are most likely to be seen on most sites.
* The Mudcrabs Locations(indicated below) are sites where the native plant species is easily observed.

Common NameScientific NameMudcrabs Locations*
GRASSES
Three-awn SpeargrassAristida ramosaSouthbank
Spear GrassAustrostipa ramosaBurnett Street Reserve
Barbed-wire GrassCymbopogon refractusWave Rock – MGC
Wallaby GrassDanthonia tenuior
Hedgehog GrassEchinopogon caespitosusSouthbank
Love GrassEragrostis browniiBurnett Street
Sword GrassGahnia clarkeiFoord Ave
Blady GrassImperata cylindricaFoord Ave
Sea RushJuncus kraussiiGough Whitlam Park
Mat RushLomandra longifoliaWave Rock – MGC
Weeping Grass/Native RiceMicrolaena stipoidesSouthBank
Basket GrassOplismenus aemulusEwen Park
Basket GrassOplismenus imbecillis18th Tee – MGC
Common ReedPhragmites australisWave Rock – MGC
Kangaroo GrassThemeda australisSouthbank
Ground-layer Plants
Flannel FlowerActinotus helianthiWave Rock – MGC
SaltbushAtriplex australasicaEwen Park
Berry SaltbushAtriplex semibaccataCup & Saucer Wetlands
CentellaCentella asiaticaWave Rock – MGC
CommelinaCommelina cyaneaFoord Avenue
Buttonweed, Carrot WeedCotula australis Wave Rock – MGC
Blue Flax LilyDianella revolutaRosedale Reserve
Kidney WeedDichondra repensFoord Ave
Climbing SaltbushEinadia nutansCup & Saucer Wetlands
False Sarsparilla, Purple Coral PeaHardenbergia violaceaMGC – Wave Rock
PennywortHydrocotyle peduncularis
Slender KnotweedPersicaria decipiensWave Rock – MGC
Pratia, White RootPratia purpurprascensWave Rock – MGC
Fan FlowerScaevola calendulacea18th Tee – MGC
Warrigal greensTetragonia tetragonoidesWave Rock – MGC
Native VioletViola hederaceaWave Rock – MGC
Native BluebellWahlenbergia gracilis18th Tee – MGC
Vines
BindweedCalystegia marginataSouthBank
Native GrapeCayratia clematidea18th Tee – MGC
Wonga-wonga VinePandorea pandorana18th Tee – MGC
Wombat BerryEustrephus latifolius18th Tee – MGC
Dusky Coral PeaKennedia rubicundaFoord Avenue
Snake VineHibbertia scandensFoord Avenue
Shrubs
Coast MyallAcacia binerviaRosedale
Sydney Green Wattle Acacia decurrensMGC Clubhouse
Prickly MosesAcacia ulicifolia18th Tee – MGC
Sickle WattleAcacia falcataWave Rock – MGC
Flax-leaved WattleAcacia linifolia
Sydney Golden WattleAcacia longifoliaRosedale
Sweet-scented WattleAcacia suaveolens
Old-man BanksiaBanksia serrataFoord Avenue
Hair-pin BanksiaBanksia spinulosaRosedale
BreyniaBreynia oblongifoliaChildrens Garden
BlackthornBurseria spinosaFoord Avenue
Black WattleCallicoma serratifolia
Crimson BottlebrushCallistemon citrinusCup & Saucer Wetlands
Narrow-leaved BottlebrushCallistemon linearis
Hop BushDodonaea triquetraFoord Avenue
Native FuchsiaEpacris longifoliaWave Rock – MGC
Grey Spider FlowerGrevillea buxifoliaRosedale Reserve
Pink Spider FlowerGrevillea sericeaRosedale Reserve
HakeaHakea dactyloides
Bushy NeedlebushHakea sericeaFoord Avenue
Bleeding HeartHomolanthus populifoliusWave Rock – MGC
Native IndigoIndigofera australisEwen Park
Tick BushKunzea ambiguaGough Whitlam Park
Prickly Tea-treeLeptospermum junipernum
Lemon-scented Tea-treeLeptospermum polygalifoliumFoord Avenue
Paperbark Tea-treeLeptospermum trinerviumEwen Park
Ball HoneymyrtleMelaleuca nodosaFoord Avenue
Rice FlowerPimelea linifolia
Sweet PittosporumPittosporum undulatumFoord Avenue
Native PeachTrema asperaWave Rock – MGC
Trees
LillypillyAcmena smithii
Grey MangroveAvicennia marinaWave Rock, Foord Avenue
Coastal BanksiaBanksia integrifoliaEwen Park
BanksiaBanksia oblongifolia
Smooth-barked Apple (Sydney Red Gum)Angophora costataMGC Clubhouse
Swamp OakCasuarina glaucaFoord Avenue
Red BloodwoodCorymbia gummifera
Blueberry AshElaeocarpus reticulatusFoord Avenue
Scribby GumEucalyptus haemastoma
BlackbuttEucalyptus pilularis
Swamp MahoganyEucalyptus robustaBeaman Park
Sydney Blue GumEucalyptus saligna
Port Jackson FigFicus rubiginosa18th Tee – MGC
Cheese TreeGlochidion ferdinandi
Cabbage PalmLivistonia australis
Snow-in-summerMelaleuca linariifoliaCup & Saucer Wetlands
Prickly-leaved PaperbarkMelaleuca stypheliodesCup & Saucer Wetlands
Sweet Pittosporum Pittosporum undulatum
TurpentineSyncarpia glomulifera
Water GumTristaniopsis laurina
FERNS
Maidenhair FernAdiantum aethiopicum18th Tee – MGC
Bird’s Nest FernAsplenium australasicumFoord Avenue
Soft Bracken FernCalochlaena dubiaFoord Avenue
Christella Christella dentata18th Tee – MGC
Rough TreefernCyathea australis
Pouched Coral FernGleichenia dicarpa
Batswing FernHistiopteris incisaFoord Avenue
Harsh Ground FernHypolepsis muelleriWave Rock – MGC
Sickle FernPellaea falcata18th Tee – MGC
Bracken Fern Pteridium esculentumWave Rock – MGC
Common Cooks River Valley Flora

Cooks River Valley Flora

These are the local native plants that you are most likely to encounter in the Cooks River Valley. The list is a subset from Dr Doug Benson’s extremely useful guide “The Bushplants of the Cooks River Valley“. There are many more species locally and some will need some analysis to identify – Doug’s book is a good place start. There are some handy online references below.

We aim to plant local species from local sources where possible. Many native plants will come in from gardens and parklands visited by birds and other animals that carry the seed material into the valley. Also, storm-water flows, wind and human traffic will bring in both weeds and native plants. This means that these bushcare sites are quite dynamic and warrant regular maintenance to maintain the local native integrity.

Many of our volunteers are familiar with our local plants and are happy to discuss them with you when you see The Mudcrabs working on one of the sites along the river.

Australian Plant References

Royal Botanic Garden Sydney – search
Native and Weed Look A-likes – Hornsby Council
Ferns of the Lane Cove Valley